Humanity has diverse shapes and sizes. Someone has fat deposited on the waist, someone’s (especially women’s) problem zones are the thighs and buttocks. It’s not just an external difference. The presence or absence of risk of vital function disorders depends on the zone where fat accumulates, as well as an approach to losing weight.
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By the way, the main reserves of fat are under the skin and this fat is called subcutaneous fat. As fat mass increases, the body can start saving fat inside muscle tissue and between the internal abdominal organs. This is not a pleasant prospect, because this type of fat — visceral or internal fat — can have a damaging effect on the entire body. Subcutaneous fat is relatively harmless.
Women’s of childbearing age fat usually build up in the subcutaneous depot below the waist, giving the body a characteristic pear shape. Men are more prone to store fat in the waist, their body resembles an apple.
Men mostly are predisposed to the fullness at the waist, but many women also suffer from this. People with a physique “apple” accumulate toxic visceral fat. Studies show that a wide waist unambiguously indicates the presence of visceral fat.
Abdominal obesity is the main cause of a whole bunch of diseases united by the term “metabolic syndrome”. Usually, abdominal obesity is diagnosed if the waist circumference exceeds 94 cm for men and 80 cm for women. And here are the other indicators to make the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome:
- an elevated level of blood fat. Its high level leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
- reduced level of “healthy” cholesterol.
- high blood pressure. High blood pressure leads to heart attacks and strokes.
- elevated levels of blood sugar or previously diagnosed type II diabetes.
If the tests revealed other factors of the metabolic syndrome, you should start the attack on visceral fat and normalize both the psychological and biochemical conditions of the body.
Is big belly dangerous for the brain?
Abdominal obesity is a misfortune for the whole organism, but scientists believe that it is a threat to the brain too. In one study association between abdominal obesity and the risk of dementia was assessed for over 30 years. The results showed that people with pronounced abdominal obesity had the risk of dementia three times higher.
How exactly does abdominal obesity increase the risk of dementia?
First, abdominal obesity leads to increased risk for cardiovascular disease, including strokes. Multiple small strokes in the elderly are the cause of the death of brain cells and can significantly interfere with its function.
Secondly, the rise of sugar levels in the blood also threatens health. Abdominal obesity leads to metabolic syndrome and increases the risk of developing type II diabetes. The elevated sugar level in the blood (a symptom of diabetes) leads to the destruction of proteins in the brain, contributing to its aging. It is no wonder that type II diabetes leads to impaired brain function in old age.
Increased blood sugar level destroys proteins of the brain that deliver cholesterol to the brain. And cholesterol is necessary to the brain, it performs several important functions, including ensures proper communication between nerve cells. Avoidance or elimination of abdominal obesity and related violations helps to stay mentally active for years.
As you can see, the extra pounds as fat do not add health to your body. But don’t despair. You can download a very good fitness plan to get rid of excess fat in your body right now. I wish you every success in your fight against obesity. Thanks!