According to official statistics, up to 10-15% of the adult population suffer from hemorrhoids. According to statistics, men suffer more, but women seek health care more often, probably due to them paying more careful attention to their health. In Addition to unpleasant and humiliating experiences, the disease is dangerous in many complications in the form of iron-deficiency anemia, thrombosis, infringement of hemorrhoids, and so on.
Hemorrhoids are a very interesting disease, appearing in humans as a payback for bipedalism. Cats, dogs, or horses do not have to face such a problem. Gravity acts on the whole body evenly on these animals, so the blood does not stagnate in the hind legs and the final parts of the intestine. But, gravity increases the load on the respective vessels in the upright walking human. Risk of the disease varies greatly, depending on the profession and lifestyle of a person. No wonder hemorrhoids are considered an occupational hazard of people with sedentary or standing work, such as, drivers, programmers, accountants, teachers.
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The cause of hemorrhoids are of two main factors: vascular and mechanical. The first factor vascular is the basis of vascular dysfunction factor lies between blood flow through the arteries to the cavernous calves that are the basis of the hemorrhoid and outflow of cavernous veins, which leads to an increase in the size of the cavernous cells, a substrate for the development of hemorrhoids. These changes are often under the influence of unfavorable factors such as sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, constipation, pregnancy, alcohol abuse.
The second factor is mechanical. Under the influence of adverse factors and increase in the size of hemorrhoids longitudinal muscle submucosal layer of the rectum, holding hemorrhoids in the anal canal, gradually stretched and it occur degenerative changes. As a result, increasing the size of the cavernous cells and displacement of hemorrhoids in the distal direction of the anal canal develops hemorrhoids.
So, the greatest contributors to the development of hemorrhoids are:
- Prolonged diarrhea
- Pregnancy, childbirth
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Prolonged stay in a sitting position
- lifting weights
- Eating spicy foods
- Drinking alcoholic beverages
In most cases, hemorrhoids begin gradually and imperceptibly. Patients experience long-term discomfort of a foreign body sensation in the anus, which is often accompanied with itching. Manifestations of incipient disease concerned is not constant, and appear only in disorders of the bowel (constipation or diarrhea), during pregnancy, breaking a diet (especially after excessive use of alcohol), sometimes after a bath or taking a hot bath, and so on. A significant increase in the intensity of the symptoms of the disease the patient begins to remember that for a long time there has was no uncomfortable feeling in the anus.